Woman worried about hair loss
Why is my hair falling out so much? The answer to hair loss is not simple because there are many factors that can cause the fall even if you have the greatest care.
The treatment for hair loss depends on the causes and the first thing is to find out. It is natural that about 100 hair are lost daily that must grow again. To understand why your hair falls, you have to know its cycles.
How does Hair fall start:
Man with hair loss
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Hair loss? Know the causes and how to solve the problem
What is hair
Body hair is typical of human beings, as are the feathers of birds and the scales of fish.
About 5 million hairs cover the body , except in the palms of the hands, the soles of the feet, the lips, the navel and the mucous membranes.
The hair has three phases: Anagen or growth, Catagen or rest and Telogen or renewal.
While 90% grow, the remaining 10% is in the resting phase for 3 or 4 months, then falls and instead begins to grow new hair.
The root of the hair is inside the follicle, that tiny tube inside the skin that feeds it and keeps it growing.
When the hair begins to grow, it pushes to come out through the skin. Once it reaches the surface, the cells of the strand die, that is the reason why we do not feel pain when they cut our hair.
As with the skin, the substance called melanin provides hair color. As we get older, the melanin production decreases, so the hair begins to lose its color and turns gray or white.
Causes of hair loss
When you interrupt your natural growth cycle , which lasts between two and three years in total, the hair falls permanently and one of the causes may be age.
Partial or total hair loss is called alopecia and appears gradually with age. It can manifest itself in patches or in a generalized way.
When hair loss occurs due to aging, the fibers become smaller and their growth rate decreases, in addition, many follicles stop producing.
That’s why we will see the thick, rough hair of a young man becoming thin and light-colored when he is an older adult.
According to the National Library of Medicine of the United States, the hair also falls by:
a condition that causes patches of baldness that occur on the scalp, the beard and possibly the eyebrows. Eyelashes can also fall
you may lose a lot of hair around 3 or 4 months after major surgery because of the stress that may have caused the disease. In these cases the hair grows back.
thyroid and hormonal problems,
if the thyroid gland is hyperactive or hypoactive, or if there is imbalance between androgens and estrogens, male or female hormones, the hair tends to fall more. Hair also falls around 3 months after giving birth because high levels of hormones during pregnancy prevent hair loss. When the hormones return to their level, the normal cycle of growth and fall begins again.
medications, anticoagulants, medicines used to treat gout, high blood pressure, or heart problems; Excess of vitamin “A”, birth control pills and antidepressants as well as chemotherapy can accelerate hair loss
Those created by fungus often cause us to lose our hair. These infections mainly affect children
When drastic diets are followed to lose weight or there are eating disorders, it is natural that the hair weakens and falls rapidly. This is especially true for those low protein diets
stress and emotional disorders.
Depression and high levels of stress lead to hair loss, especially in women.
tumors in the ovaries.
Since alopecia can be the early sign of a disease, it is important to determine its cause in order to treat it in time.
Female pattern baldness
Although the science does not fully understand the origin of female pattern baldness , it is believed that it may be related to:
changes in the levels of male hormones -androgens-. After reaching menopause, many women discover that the hair on their head is thinner, while the facial hair is thicker
Family history of male or female pattern baldness
Male pattern baldness
Male pattern baldness is related to your genes and male sex hormones. Generally, the hairline recesses and the strand is thinned in the crown.
This type of baldness is usually diagnosed based on the appearance and pattern of hair loss.
Male head with hair lossHair loss in men may be due to inheritance or hormonal changes.
How to stop hair loss
Once the cause of your hair loss is determined, the doctor can recommend the treatment to follow. Usually, a change in lifestyle helps. For example, improving the diet so that it is balanced and enough vitamins and minerals are obtained naturally.
In some cases, biotin supplementation helps to stop the fall and strengthen the hair, as well as improving the external appearance of the skin.
Topical treatments like castor oil can also complement efforts to stop hair loss.
In more serious cases, the doctor will formulate specialized medications for this type of problem. However, it is important that it is a health professional who does so because some of these medications have contraindications.
When to contact the doctor
A specialist should be consulted for any of the symptoms described below:
you are losing hair in an atypical pattern (faster and often than normal)
hair loss occurs quickly or at an early age (for example, in the teenage years or between 20 and 30 years old)
If you have any type of pain or itching with hair loss
the skin of the scalp under the compromised area is red, scaly, or shows some other abnormality
develops acne, facial hair or irregularities in your menstrual cycle
is female and has male pattern baldness (loses more hair around the crown and / or forehead)
patches of baldness in the beard or the eyebrows
have been gaining weight or have muscle weakness, intolerance to low temperatures or fatigue